Modis

MODIS MCD43A4.006

About MODIS Data

MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) is a sensor aboard two satellites, Aqua and Terra. It images the earth in 36 different bands at 3 different resolutions (250 m for bands 1-2, 500 meter for bands 3-7 and 1 km for bands 8-36). More information on MODIS sensor is available on the NASA website. MODIS data comes in different products. The MCD43A4 V006 is a product used by Sentinel Hub, with daily global coverage, offering bands 1-7 in 500 meter resolution.

The MCD43A4 V006 is a Version 6 Nadir Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) - Adjusted Reflectance (NBAR) dataset. As an NBAR product, it provides estimate of the surface spectral reflectance as it would be measured at ground level in absence of atmospheric scattering and absorbtion. Each pixel contains the best possible information available in a 16 day period as selected on the basis of high observation coverage, low view angle, the absence of clouds or cloud shadow, and aerosol loading.

Read here to learn more about MODIS V006, and to read about MCD43A4 product, visit here and here. For more on surface reflectance in MODIS, visit this NASA website. To see the list of all the available MODIS products (not supported by SH), visit this website.

Basic Facts in Sentinel Hub

The following information holds for the MODIS MCD43A4.006 data product in Sentinel Hub, and not for MODIS in general.

PropertyInfo
Spatial resolution500 m
SensorMODIS - Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
UnitsReflectance and DN
Revisit timeDaily
Spatial coverageGlobal
Data availabilitySince February 24, 2000
MeasurmentSurface reflectance
Common usage/purposeMonitoring of large scale land, ocean and atmosphere changes, such as vegetation monitoring or flood, hurricane and wildfire detection.

Accessing MODIS Data

To access data you need to send a POST request to our process API. The requested data will be returned as the response to your request. Each POST request can be tailored to get you exactly the data you require. To do this requires setting various parameters which depend on the datasource you are querying. This chapter will help you understand the parameters for MODIS data. For an overview of all API parameters see the API Reference.

Endpoint Locations

ServiceNotes
services-uswest2.sentinel-hub.com/api/Global since February 24, 2000

Data Type Identifier: MODIS

Use MODIS as the value of the input.data.type parameter in your API requests. This is mandatory and will ensure you to get MODIS data.

Filtering Options

This chapter will explain the input.data.dataFilter object of the MODIS process API.

mosaickingOrder

Sets the order of overlapping tiles from which the output result is mosaicked. The tiling is based on ESA's Product Dissemination Units for easier distribution.

ValueDescriptionNotes
mostRecentthe pixel will be selected from the most recently acquired tileIf there are multiple products with the same timestamp then NTC will be used over NRT.
leastRecentthe pixel will be selected from the oldest acquired tileIf there are multiple products with the same timestamp then NTC will be used over NRT.

Note that cloud coverage filtering, including leastCC mosaicking order, is not available for MODIS.

Processing Options

This chapter will explain the input.data.processing object of the MODIS process API.

ActionDescriptionValuesDefault
upsamplingDefines the interpolation used for processing when the pixel resolution is greater than the source resolution (e.g. 100m/px with a 500m/px source).NEAREST - nearest neighbour interpolation
BILINEAR - bilinear interpolation
BICUBIC - bicubic interpolation
NEAREST
downsamplingDefines the interpolation used for processing when the pixel resolution is lower than the source resolution (e.g. 800m/px with a 500m/px source).NEAREST - nearest neighbour interpolation
BILINEAR - bilinear interpolation
BICUBIC - bicubic interpolation
NEAREST

Available Bands and Data

This chapter will explain the bands and data which can be set in the evalscript input object. Any string listed in the column Name can be an element of the input.bands array in your evalscript.

Property NameDescriptionResolution
B01Red (620 - 670 nm)500 m
B02NIR (841 - 876 nm)500 m
B03Blue (459 - 479 nm)500 m
B04Green (545 - 565 nm)500 m
B05N/A (1230 - 1250 nm)500 m
B06SWIR16 (1628 - 1652 nm)500 m
B07SWIR22 (2105 - 2155 nm)500 m
dataMaskThe mask of data/no data pixels (more).N/A*

*dataMask has no source resolution as it is calculated for each output pixel.

Units

The data values for each band in your custom script are presented in the default units as specified here. In case more than one unit is available for a given band, you may optionally set the value of input.units in your evalscript setup function to one of the options. Doing so will present data in that unit. The Source Format specifies how and with what precision the digital numbers from which the unit is derived are encoded. The Typical Range indicates what values are common for a given band and unit, however outliers can be expected.

For MODIS data, the relation between both units is: DN = 10000 * REFLECTANCE. The default unit is REFLECTANCE.

BandUnitSource FormatTypical RangeNotes
Optical bands
B01 - B07
DNUINT160 - 4000Higher values in infrared bands. Highly reflective pixels, such as clouds, can have values higher than 10000.
Optical bands
B01 - B07
REFLECTANCE (default)UINT160 - 0.4Higher values in infrared bands. Highly reflective pixels, such as clouds, can have reflectance values above 1.
dataMaskN/ABoolean0 - no data
1 - data

Catalog API Capabilities

To access Modis MCD43AA.006 product metadata you need to send search request to our Catalog API. The requested metadata will be returned as JSON formatted response to your request.

Endpoint Locations

ServiceNotes
services-uswest2.sentinel-hub.com/api/v1/catalog/collections/modis

Collection identifier:

  • modis

Distinct extension

  • date